Emilio Granados Franco
Head of Global Risks and Geopolitical Agenda
Lead, Global Risks and Geopolitical Agenda
Specialist, Global Risks and Geopolitical Agenda
Managing Director, World Economic Forum
At the World Economic Forum, a debt of gratitude is owed to Professor Klaus Schwab (Founder and Executive Chairman) and Børge Brende (President), under whose guidance this report has been produced.
This report has relied heavily on the dedication and expertise of the World Economic Forum Platform for Shaping the Future of the New Economy and Society as well as other members of the Global Risks Report 2021 team: Aylin Elci, Jordynn McKnight, Marie Sophie Müller, Giovanni Salvi and Yann Zopf.
We would like to thank our Strategic Partners, Marsh McLennan, SK Group, and Zurich Insurance Group, and particularly Daniel Glaser (President and Chief Executive Officer, Marsh McLennan), Chey Tae-won (Chairman & CEO, SK Group) and Mario Greco (Chief Executive Officer, Zurich Insurance Group). Thanks also to Carolina Klint (Managing Director, Risk Management Leader Continental Europe, Marsh), Lee Hyunghee (President, Social Value Committee, SK Group) and Peter Giger (Group Chief Risk Officer, Zurich Insurance Group).
Special gratitude is due to Keyjoon Kwon (Vice President of the Social Value Committee, SK Group), Guillaume Barthe-Dejean (Director, Chairman’s Office), John Scott (Head of Sustainability Risks, Zurich Insurance Group), Richard Smith-Bingham (Executive Director, Marsh McLennan Advantage) and Graeme Riddell (Research Manager, Marsh McLennan Advantage) for their contributions throughout the planning and drafting of the report.
We are also grateful to our three Academic Advisers: the National University of Singapore, the Oxford Martin School at the University of Oxford and the Wharton Risk Management and Decision Processes Center at the University of Pennsylvania.
The report has greatly benefited from the insight and expertise of the members of the Global Risks Report Advisory Board: Rolf Alter (Hertie School of Governance), Julie Bishop (Australian National University), Sharan Burrow (International Trade Union Confederation), Winnie Byanyima (UNAIDS), Marie-Valentine Florin (International Risk Governance Center), Al Gore (Generation Investment Management), Lee Hyunghee (President, Social Value Committee, SK Group), Carolyn Kousky (Wharton Risk Management and Decision Processes Center), Julian Laird (Oxford Martin School), Pascal Lamy (Jacques Delors Institute), Robert Muggah (Igarapé Institute), Moisés Naím (Carnegie Endowment for International Peace), Carlos Afonso Nobre (University of São Paulo), Naomi Oreskes (Harvard University), Jonathan Ostry (International Monetary Fund), Carol Ouko-Misiko (Institute of Risk Management), Eduardo Pedrosa (Pacific Economic Cooperation Council), Kok Kwang Phoon (National University of Singapore), Daniel Ralph (Cambridge Centre for Risks Studies), Samir Saran (Observer Research Foundation), John Scott (Zurich Insurance Group), Richard Smith-Bingham (Marsh McLennan), Effy Vayena (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich), Charlotte Warakaulle (CERN), Beatrice Weder di Mauro (Centre for Economic Policy Research), Ngaire Woods (University of Oxford) and Alexandra Zapata
We are grateful to the following individuals from our Strategic Partners, Academic Advisers, and Risk Communities.
Marsh McLennan: Kate Bravery, Missy DeAngelis, Jason Groves, Bruce Hamory, Kavitha Hariharan, Anne Hetterich, Ben Hoster, Daniel Kaniewski, Stephen Kay, Amy Laverock, Ruth Lux, Deborah O’Neill, Viet Hoang Phan, Tom Quigley, Xavier Ruaux, Reid Sawyer, Stephen Szaraz and Jeff Youssef.
Zurich Insurance Group: Paige Adams, Lori Bailey, Francis Bouchard, Ines Bourbon, Laura Castellano, Anette Dahl-Hiscott, Lillian Labbat, Wen Lin, Sean McAllister, Jessica McLellan, Guy Miller, Eugenie Molyneux, Pavel Osipyants, Rebecca Pihlapuro, Marc Radice, Gregory Renand, Angel Serna, Peter Trinder and Alessio Vinci.
SK Group: Okkyung Han, Dongsoo Kang, Ilbum Kim, and Yongseop Yum.
National University of Singapore: Tan Eng Chye and Ho Teck Hua.
Oxford Martin School: Charles Godfray.
Wharton: Howard Kunreuther.
Global Future Council on Frontier Risks: Eric Parrado (Inter-American Development Bank, Council Co-Chair), Ngaire Woods (University of Oxford, Council Co-Chair), Clarissa Rios Rojas (University of Cambridge, Council Fellow), Deborah Ashby (Imperial College London), Elhadj As Sy (Kofi Annan Foundation), Nayef Al-Rodhan (University of Oxford), Nita A. Farahany (Duke University), Khalfan Belhoul (Dubai Future Foundation), Pascale Fung (Hong Kong University of Science and Technology), Alexander Gabuev (Carnegie Moscow Center), Florence Gaub (EU Institute for Security Studies), Sergei Guriev (Sciences Po), Orit Halpern (Concordia University), Maha Hosain Aziz (New York University), Meng Ke (Tsinghua University), Keyjoon Kwon (SK Group), Vishal Lall (Hewlett Packard Enterprise), Patricia Lerner (Greenpeace International), Grainia Long (Belfast City Council), Liu Meng (UN Global Compact), Amrita Narlikar (German Institute for Global and Area Studies), Maria Soledad Nuñez Mendez (UCOM University), Jake Okechukwu Effoduh (Global Shaper), Peter Piot (London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine), John Scott (Zurich Insurance Group), Richard Smith-Bingham (Marsh McLennan), Timothy Snyder (Yale University), Tatiana Valovaya (United Nations Geneva), Gail Whiteman (Lancaster University Management School) and Michele Wucker (Gray Rhino & Company).
Chief Risk Officers Community: Christian Bluhm (UBS AG), Dzhangir Dzahngirov (Sberbank), Sebastian Fritz-Morgenthal (Bain & Company Inc.), Peter Giger (Zurich Insurance Group), Bahare Heywood (Clifford Chance LLP), Aaron Karczmer (PayPal), Alfred Kibe (Mastercard), Cindy Levy (McKinsey & Company), Giselle Lim (Takeda Pharmaceutical Company), Nikhil Madgavkar (Mahindra Group), Domingo Mirón (Accenture), Jody Myers (The Western Union Company), Deepak Padaki (Infosys Limited), Tad Roselund (Boston Consulting Group), Taalib Shah (Barclays), Richard Smith-Bingham (Marsh McLennan), Matthew Snyder (Centene Corporation), Susan Yasher (Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu Limited) and Yong Seop Yum (SK Group).
Thanks also go to the participants in our Virtual Global Risks Workshop on 9 September 2020: Alison Bewick (Nestlé), Sebastian Brack (Kofi Annan Foundation), Maya Horowitz (Check Point Software Technologies, Ltd.), Joachim Isaacson (United Kingdom Armed Forces), Keyjoon Kwon (SK Group), Hichem Khadhraoui (Geneva Call), Chiara Pallanch (World Food Programme), John Scott (Zurich Insurance Group), Lutfey Siddiqi (London School of Economics and Political Science), Richard Smith-Bingham (Marsh McLennan), Michael Sparrow (World Climate Research Programme), Jacob van der Blij (GAVI), Marcy Vigoda (United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs), Lisa Walker (Ecosphere), Gail Whiteman (University of Exeter Business School), Susan Wilding (CIVICUS: World Alliance for Citizen Participation), Carolyn Williams (Institute of Risk Management) and Wenjian Zhang (World Meteorological Organisation).
We would like to thank all our colleagues from the following Platforms, Centres and Groups for helping to distribute the survey: Centre for Geopolitical and Regional Affairs, Platform for Global Public Goods, Platform for the New Economy and Society, Global Programming Group, Strategic Partners Team, Technology Pioneers Community, and Global Shapers Community.
In addition to those mentioned above, we extend our thanks to the following individuals for their time and help: Wadia Ait Hamza, Christopher Alessi, Sakshi Bhatnagar, Sophie Brown, Arnaud Colin, Roberto Crotti, Attilio di Battista, Beatrice Di Caro, Mirek Dušek, Jaci Eisenberg, Genesis Elhussein, Beren Evans, Ariel Kastner, Akanksha Khatri, David Knowles, Patrice Kreidi, John Letzing, Gayle Markovitz, Adrian Monck, Eoin Ó Cathasaigh, Nicholai Ozan, Valerie Peyre, Nadia Raquillet, Katja Rouru, Kirsten Salyer, Miriam Schive, Paul Smyke, Vesselina Stefanova Ratcheva, Kata Nagyné Szonyi, Henry Taylor, Pim Valdre and Carida Zafiropoulou-Guignard.
Design and Production: Thank you to all those involved in the design and production of this year’s report. At the World Economic Forum: Javier Gesto, Floris Landi, Jordynn McKnight, Liam Ó Cathasaigh and Jean-Philippe Stanway. And our external collaborators: Robert Gale, Travis Hensgen and Moritz Stefaner (data visualization); Hope Steele (editing); Patrik Svensson (artwork); and Andrew Wright (writing and editing).
We thank SalesForce (Natalia Latimer, Vice President of Executive Engagement), Tableau (Neal Myrick, Vice President of Social Impact) and Lovelytics for the design of the Global Risks Network.