This publication is the result of a one-year journey involving many voices from all sectors of society and regions of the world. The project team would like to thank everyone involved for generously contributing their insights, passion, energy and time.

Experts Interviewed

Academia

Cemal Atici, Adnan Menderes University, Turkey
Mert Bilgin, Bahçeşehir University, Turkey
Constantin Belu, Bucharest Academy of Economic Studies, Romania
Dirk Michael Boehe, Instituto de Ensino e Pesquisa (Insper), Brazil
Nataša Bojković, University of Belgrade, Serbia
Miriam Borchardt, Unisinos University, Brazil
Beck Chau, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong SAR
Jose Antonio Chaves, Fundacao Dom Cabral, Brazil
Huiqiang Cheng, The Institute of Recycling Economy of Beijing University of Technology, People’s Republic of China
Anthony Chin, National University of Singapore, Singapore
Soumitra Dutta, INSEAD, France
Neil Eccles, University of South Africa, Centre for Corporate Citizenship, South Africa
Tareq Emtairah, International Institute for Industrial Environmental Economics (IIIEE), Sweden
Eugenio Figueroa B., University of Chile, Chile Celso
Funcia Lemme, Universidade Federal de Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Brazil
Nesreen Ghaddar, American University of Beirut, Lebanon
Arjun Guneratne, Macalester University, USA
Gustavo A. Herrero, Harvard Business School, USA
Md. Ashraful Islam, Centre for Energy Studies, Bangladesh University of Engineering & Technology (BUET), Bangladesh
Rakesh Kapoor, Alternative Futures, India
Sher Jamal Khan, National University of Science & Technology, Pakistan
Bas Kothuis, Freelance Consultant
Mike Lai, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong SAR
Patrick T.I. Lam, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong SAR
Joseph Lassiter, Harvard Business School, USA
Xiao Li, Zhejiang University, People’s Republic of China
Patricia Lontoc, Asia Institute of Management, Philippines
John Macomber, Harvard Business School, USA
Yuze Mao, Chinese Academy of Fishery Science, People’s Republic of China
Toufic Mezher, Masdar Institute of Science and Technology, United Arab Emirates
G.R. Nabi Bidhandi, University of Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran
Radiah Othman, Journal of Financial Reporting and Accounting, Malaysia
Jianguo Qi, Chinese Academy of Social Science, People’s Republic of China
Navi Radjou, Centre for India & Global Business, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom Subramanian Rangan, INSEAD, France
Forest Reinhardt, Harvard Business School, USA Klaus Rennings, Centre for European Economic Research, Germany
Ramazan Sari, Middle East Technical University, Turkey
Joseph Sarkis, Clark University, USA
Michael Schröder, Centre for European Economic Research, Germany
Han Shi, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR
Rehana Siddiqu, Centre for Environmental Economics and Climate Change of Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, Pakistan
Andrew Michael Spence, NYU Stern School of Business, USA
José Guadalupe Vargas Hernández, Instituto Tecnológico de Cd. Guzmán, Mexico
Gyula Vastag, Corvinus University of Budapest, Hungary
Yanjia Wang, Tsinghua University, People’s Republic of China
Christian Webersik, University of Agder, Norway
Peter Willis, University of Cambridge Programme for Sustainability Leadership, United Kingdom
Bing Zhang, Nanjing University, People’s Republic of China

Business

Arman Alibekov, Aton Capital, Russian Federation
Leong Cheung, Bain Capital, People’s Republic of China
Gehan de Silva Wijeyeratne, formerly of Jetwings, United Kingdom
Carla Duprat, Camargo Correa, Brazil
Dorian Emmett, Anglo America, United Kingdom
Camilla Flatt, Africa Practice, United Kingdom
David Flusberg, Adama, Romania
Johnny Fung, Wal-Mart, People’s Republic of China
Mark Goldsmith, Actis LLP, United Kingdom
Peiyuan Guo, SynTao, People’s Republic of China
Rajat Gupta, Promethean Power Systems, India
Alastair Hammond, EnerCap, United Kingdom
Harish Hande, SELCO Solar Light (P) Limited, India
Andrew Howard, Goldman Sachs, United Kingdom
Gaurav Jain, Jain Irrigation, India
Uday Khemka, Sun Group, United Kingdom
Matthew Kiernan, Inflection Point Capital Management, Canada
Ajith Kumar, Ozone CleanTech Energy, India
Marko Likon, Luka Koper, Slovenia
Megan Louw, Nedbank, South Africa
Adefolu Majekodunmi, Microsoft, Nigeria
George Mathew, Team Sustain, India
Deepak Mawandia, Carbon Watch, India
Nicola Mok, CLSA, People’s Republic of China
Jayendra Naidoo, J & J Group, South Africa
Nitin Nayar, Warburg Pincus, India
Gaurav Oberoi, Blackstone Carbon Credit & Advisory, India
May Qiu, Nike, People’s Republic of China
Bejul Somaia, Lightspeed Venture, India
Thierry Tene, A2D Conseil, France
Sara Wright, BNPP, Germany

Government

Ali Abo Sena, Egypt National Cleaner Production Centre, Egypt
Pierre El Khoury, Lebanese Center for Energy Conservation, Lebanon
Dan Esty, US Environmental Protection Agency, USA
Jie Guo, China Fishery Association, People’s Republic of China
Mark Levine, China Energy Group, People’s Republic of China
Guoxing Liang, China Electronic Energy-Saving Technology Association, People’s Republic of China
Jyothi Parikh, Integrated Research and Action for Development (IRADe), India
Khursheed-Ul-Islam, former consultant to German Development Cooperation, India
Hongchun Zhou, Department of Research Center of State Council, People’s Republic of China

International and Not-for-Profit Organizations

Nilima Achwal, Next Billion, USA
Vincente Acosta Ferreyra, World Wild Fund for Nature (WWF), Mexico
Ravi Agarwal, Toxics Link, India
Andrew Alli, Africa Finance Corporation, Nigeria
Simon Andrews, International Finance Corporation (IFC), Vietnam
Odeh Al Jayyousi, International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN), Jordan
Habiba Al Marashi, Emirates Environmental Group, United Arab Emirates
Teresa Alfaro, SumaRSE, Panama
Lisa Inez C. Antonio, Philippines Business for Environment, Philippines
Seema Arora, CII-ITC Centre of Excellence for Sustainable Development, India
Palash Baral, Nyakrishi Andolan, Bangladesh
John Barham, International Finance Corporation (IFC), USA
Martin Baxter, Institute of Environmental Management and Assessment, United Kingdom
Cláudio Beochat, FDV, Brazil
Peter Brew, International Business Leaders Forum, People’s Republic of China
Martin Bwalya, New Partnership for Africa’s Development – Sustainable Agriculture in Africa, South Africa
John Carter, Aliança da Terra, Brazil
Gloria Chang, Greenpeace, People’s Republic of China
Hela Cheikhrouhou, African Development Bank, Tunisia
Igor Chestin, World Wild Fund for Nature (WWF), Russian Federation
Vladimir Chuprov, Greenpeace Russia, Russian Federation
Aron Cramer, Business for Social Responsibility (BSR), USA
Paola Del Rio, First Climate, Mexico
Urvashi Devidayal, The Climate Group, India
Jing Ding, World Wild Fund for Nature (WWF), People’s Republic of China
Mohammad Djauhari, KpSHK, Indonesia
Catharina Dwihastarini, SGP Indonesia, Indonesia
Rachel Fleishman, Climate Change Business Forum, People’s Republic of China
Taryn Fransen, World Resources Institute (WRI), USA
Daniel Gonzales, AVINA, Panama
Yana Gorbatenko, International Finance Corporation (IFC), Russian Federation
Linda Greer, Natural Resources Defense Council, People’s Republic of China
Lalith Gunaratne, Sage Training, Sri Lanka
Gayathri Gunaruwan, Ceylon Chamber of Commerce, Sri Lanka
David Hillyard, Earthwatch Institue, United Kingdom
Ian Holmes, Environmental Sustainability Knowledge Transfer Network, United Kingdom
Jagat.S.Jawa, Solar Energy Society of India, India
Nilmini Jayasinghe, SriLanka Apparel, Sri Lanka
Jiaman Jin, Global Environment Institute, People’s Republic of China
Chris Johnson, Wild Jordan, Jordan
Yahya Khaled, Royal Society for the Conservation of Nature (RSCN), Jordan
Henri Le Bienvenu, Peru 2021, Peru
Bernice Lee, Jane Goodall Institute, Singapore
Carlos Eduardo Lessa Brandao, Brazilian Institute of Corporate Governance, Brazil
Clarissa Lins, Fundação Brasileira para o Desenvolvimento Sustentável (FBDS), Brazil
Shuang Liu, Greenpeace, People’s Republic of China
Hina Lotia, LEAD, Pakistan
Tomoo Machiba, Organisation for Economic Co- operation and Development (OECD), France
Dwijen Mallick, Bangladesh Centre for Advanced Studies, Bangladesh
Malini Mehra, Centre for Social Markets (CSM), India
Mohan Munasinghe, Munasinghe Institute for Development (MIND), Sri Lanka
Ana Muro, World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD), Switzerland
Kerem Okumus, Regional Environment Center, Turkey
Alireza Omidvar, CSR Development Centre in Iran, Islamic Republic of Iran
Suzana Padua, Instituto de Pesquisas Ecológicas (IPE), Brazil
Suneel Pandey, Centre for Environmental Studies (TERI), India
Adi Prasetijo, Indonesia Center for Sustainable Development, Indonesia
Jinging Qian, Natural Resources Defense Council, People’s Republic of China
Amjad Qureshi, Federation of Pakistan Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FPCCI), Pakistan
Charlie Rea, Environmental Sustainability Knowledge Transfer Network, United Kingdom
Arcindo Santos, Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), Haiti
Olga Sauma, World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD), Switzerland
Andreas Schaffer, Earth Observatory of Singapore, Singapore
Faouzi Senhaji, United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), Kenya
Ali Shiek, LEAD, Pakistan
Harpreet Singh, Making a Difference Differently, India
Manish K. Singh, Indian Wind Energy Association, India
Shirish Sinha, formerly of World Wild Fund for Nature (WWF), India
Istiak Sobhan, International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), Bangladesh
Ranping Song, World Resource Institute (WRI), People’s Republic of China
Bryanne Tait, International Finance Corporation (IFC), Russian Federation
Andrew Thomson, Business Environment Council, People’s Republic of China
Raymond Van Ermen, European Partners for the Environment, Belgium
Shankar Venkateswaran, Team SustainAbility, India
Chengpo Wang, Climate Group, People’s Republic of China
Dongmei Wang, Climate Group, People’s Republic of China
Victoria Wu, Nature Conservancy, People’s Republic of China
Weijia Ye, Institute for Environment and Development, People’s Republic of China
Xinzi Zhang, Institute for Environment and Development, People’s Republic of China

Media

Karim Elgendy, Carboun, United Arab Emirates
Denis Gathanju, Land&Marine Publications, Kenya
James Marson, The Guardian, United Kingdom
John Muthee, CSR Africa, Kenya
Shai Oster, Wall Street Journal, People’s Republic of China
Hugh Wheelan, Responsible Investor, France