A New Space Age
Maximizing Global Benefits
Thomas E. Cremins, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
When the 1958 launch of Sputnik started the first Space Age, a handful of world powers commanded the resources and technology necessary to explore space. Today, a second Space Age is involving varied actors – commercial operators, public/private partnerships and established and emerging spacefaring nations – who together will increase the scope for creating new markets and industrial sectors and unleashing future waves of innovation. These could bring a multitude of benefits, including addressing global challenges such as potentially hazardous asteroids and accessing resources and conducting research on the Moon, near-Earth asteroids and Mars. However, realizing these benefits will require ongoing and expanded national collaboration, including the development of global norms, such as a code of conduct, to ensure space remains accessible, sustainable and a frontier of continued relevance and growth.