Global Gender Gap Index 2017
The Global Gender Gap Index was first introduced by the World Economic Forum in 2006 as a framework for capturing the magnitude of gender-based disparities and tracking their progress over time. The Index benchmarks national gender gaps on economic, education, health and political criteria, and provides country rankings that allow for effective comparisons across regions and income groups. The rankings are designed to create global awareness of the challenges posed by gender gaps and the opportunities created by reducing them. The methodology and quantitative analysis behind the rankings are intended to serve as a basis for designing effective measures for reducing gender gaps.
Last year’s 11th edition introduced a number of updated elements—namely, a higher threshold for calculating gender gaps in estimated earned income, a revised regional classification, and a refreshed visualization of results—to evolve the Global Gender Gap Index for its second decade. This year’s 12th edition continues to build on the well-established strengths of the Report by introducing an innovative online Data Explorer tool, available on the Report website (http://reports.weforum.org/global-gender-gap-report-2017/dataexplorer), which enables readers to directly compare patterns of gender-based inequities between countries as well as explore comprehensive rankings by indicator, region and subindex.
The first part of this chapter reviews the underlying concepts employed in creating the Global Gender Gap Index and outlines the methods used to calculate it. The second part presents the 2017 rankings, overall trends, regional performance and notable country cases. It also provides information on progress over time and progress within income groups. Next, the Report lays out the economic case for gender parity, with a focus on the growing evidence of inter-linkages between gender gaps and the future economic prospects and resilience of industries and countries. Finally, the fourth part of this chapter takes a deeper look at gender parity trends across industries, presenting a range of innovative data about evolving hiring trends and gender gaps in skills and fields of study, based on a research collaboration with LinkedIn.
The Country Profiles contained in Part 2 of this Report give a more detailed picture of the relative strengths and weaknesses of each country’s performance compared with that of other nations and relative to its own past performance. The first page of each profile contains key demographic and economic indicators as well as detailed information on the country’s performance in both 2017 and in the year in which it was first featured in the Report. The second page of the Country Profiles highlights more than 70 gender-related indicators that provide a fuller context for the country’s performance. These indicators include information on workforce participation, economic leadership, access to assets and technology, political leadership, family, the care economy, education and skills, and health-related factors. Interactive versions of the Country Profiles are available on the Report website, as part of the Report’s online Data Explorer tool (http://reports.weforum.org/global-gender-gap-report-2017/dataexplorer).