How To Read the Country/Economy Profiles
The Country/Economy Profiles section presents a two- page profile for each of the 144 economies covered in The Global Competitiveness Report 2014–2015.
1. Key indicators
The first section presents a selection of key indicators for the economy under review. Unless noted otherwise, all data in the Key indicators’ section are sourced from the April 2014 edition of the International Monetary Fund (IMF)’s World Economic Outlook (WEO) Database:
Population (in millions). The population figure for Puerto Rico is sourced from the United States Census Bureau.
Gross domestic product (GDP) in billions and GDP per capita, both expressed in US dollars and valued at current prices. Data for Puerto Rico are sourced from Puerto Rico’s national statistics.
The chart on the upper right-hand side displays the evolution of GDP per capita at purchasing power parity (PPP) from 1990 through 2013 (or the period for which data are available) for the economy under review (blue line). The gray line plots the GDP-weighted average of GDP per capita of the group of economies to which the economy under review belongs. We draw on the IMF’s classification (as defined in the April 2014 edition of the WEO), which divides the world into six regions: Emerging and Developing Europe; the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), which includes Georgia although it is not a CIS member; Emerging and Developing Asia; Middle East, North Africa, and Pakistan region (MENAP);1 Sub-Saharan Africa; and Latin America and the Caribbean. Finally, advanced economies form a group of their own. For more information regarding the classification and the data, visit www.imf.org/weo. Data for Puerto Rico are not available.
2. Global Competitiveness Index
This section details the economy’s performance on the main components of the Global Competitiveness Index (GCI). The first column shows the country’s rank among the 144 economies included in the Index, while the second column presents its score. The percentage contribution to the overall GCI score of each subindex score is reported next to the subindex name. These weights vary depending on the country’s stage of development. For more information on the methodology of the GCI, refer to Chapter 1.1.
On the right-hand side, a chart shows the country’s performance in the 12 pillars of the GCI (blue line) measured against the average score of the group to which the economy belongs, using the same classification as in the GDP per capita chart (gray line).
3. The most problematic factors for doing business
This chart summarizes those factors seen by business executives as the most problematic for doing business in their economy. The information is drawn from the 2014 edition of the World Economic Forum’s Executive Opinion Survey (the Survey), with the exception of Rwanda, for which responses from the 2013 Survey have been used. From a list of 16 factors, respondents were asked to select the five most problematic and rank them from 1 (most problematic) to 5. The results were then tabulated and weighted according to the ranking assigned by respondents. See Chapter 1.3 for details.
4. The Global Competitiveness Index in detail
This page details the country’s performance on each of the indicators entering the composition of the GCI. Indicators are organized by pillar. For indicators entering the GCI in two different pillars, only the first instance is shown on this page.
• INDICATOR, UNITS: This column contains the title of each indicator and, where relevant, the unit in which it is measured—for example, “days” or “% GDP.” Indicators that are not derived from the Survey are identified by an asterisk (*). Indicators derived from the Survey are always expressed as scores on a 1–7 scale, with 7 being the best possible outcome.
• VALUE: This column reports the country’s score on each of the variables that compose the GCI.
• RANK/144: This column reports the country’s position among the 144 economies covered by the GCI 2014–2015. The ranks of those indicators that constitute a notable competitive advantage are highlighted in blue bold typeface. Competitive advantages are defined as follows:
For those economies ranked in the top 10 in the overall GCI, individual indicators ranked from 1 through 10 are considered to be advantages. For instance, in the case of Germany—which is ranked 5th overall—its 3rd rank on indicator 5.07 Availability of research and training services makes this indicator a competitive advantage.
For those economies ranked from 11 through 50 in the overall GCI, variables ranked higher than the economy’s own rank are considered to be advantages. In the case of Iceland, ranked 30th overall, its rank of 11 on indicator 7.10 Female participation in the labor force makes this indicator a competitive advantage.
For those economies ranked lower than 50th in the overall GCI, any individual indicators with a rank of 50 or better are considered to be advantages. For Cambodia, ranked 95th overall, indicator 2.08 Mobile phone subscription, where the country ranks 39th, constitutes a competitive advantage.
These rules do not apply to indicators 2.03 Quality of railroad infrastructure, 4.01 Malaria incidence, or 4.02 Business impact of malaria because of the special ranking method used for those indicators.
For further analysis, the data tables in the Report provide ranks, values, and the period of each data point, indicator by indicator.
ONLINE DATA PORTAL
In addition to the analysis presented in this Report, an interactive data platform can be accessed via www.weforum.org/gcr. The platform offers a number of analytical and visualization tools, including sortable rankings, scatter plots, bar charts, and maps, as well as the option of downloading portions of the GCI data set.